1. The Hindu Mahasabha. Way before 1947 when India became independent, it was Indian National Congress that took up the cause of freedom for India. The great freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawahalal Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad, Valabh Bhai Patel and many others have been the stalwarts in Congress. However Congress also harbored a special interest group to safeguard and promote Hindu ideology and culture, called Hindu Mahasabha.
  2. ‘HINDUTVA’. Vinayak Damodar Sawarkar was at one time the leader of Hindu Mahasabah. He authored a very passionate ‘ideology pamphlet’ titled “HINDUTVA”in 1923.The purist ideology that was envisioned in the pamphlet was considered by moderate Hindus quite fascist though it made some Hindus defensive who disputed this label and called it “extreme conservatism” or “ethnic absolutism.”
  3. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, a doctor in the city of Nagpur, British India, after having read Hindutva and subsequently having met Sawarkar, was extremely impressed and influenced by him personally and by the ideology he promulgated. Hedgewar then founded, on 27 September, 1925, an organization named Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, abbreviated as RSS with the main objective of strengthening and promoting the concept of hegemonic control of Hinduism and its history and culture for India. RSS as an organization, immediately adopted a right-wing, Hindu nationalist paramilitary framework. RSS subsequently became the progenitor and leader of a large body of other Hindu conservative organizations called “The Sangh Parivar” (the family of the RSS). As of 2014, RSS has a membership of 5 to 6 million.

    Later under the leadership of M.S. Golwalker in 1940, RSS in its political expression became more hatefully virulent against non-Hindu minorities especially Muslims. This was because in order to make Hindu culture a dominat force in India, RSS realized that the biggest religious and cultural denomination in India, after Hinduism was Islam and thus a big impediment to its goal.The following quote from M.S. Golwalker represents the hateful virulence of Hindutva ideology.

    “The non-Hindu people of Hindustan either must adopt Hindu culture and languages, must learn and respect and hold in reverence the Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but of those of glorification of the Hindu race and culture … in a word they must cease to be foreigners; or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment—not even citizens’ rights”

    In their discourses and writings, the RSS leaders openly admired Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. Golwalkar took inspiration from Adolf Hitler’s ideology of racial purity. Paradoxically this did not imply any antipathy towards Jews. The RSS leaders were supportive of the Jewish State of Israel, Golwalkar admired the Jews for maintaining their religion, culture and language, what came to be known as “the Zionism”.[74]
  4. Bharatiya Janata Party. The BJP’s origin lies in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mukherjee.[23] After the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party; it defeated the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election. After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP. BJP is a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. It has close ideological and organisational links with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).